Asthma is a recurring ailment that affects the airways, causing it to get swollen and irritated. Its symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and tightness in the chest, among others. If you suffer from this disease, you most likely know how physically debilitating it can get. Thankfully, there are different types of medications available that can relieve the many effects associated with this illness.
Over-the-counter bronchodilators come in two variants—short-acting for quick relief and long-acting for daily asthma control. This medication is made from beta-agonists, theophylline, or anticholinergics. It can either be ingested (tablets, injectable, liquid) or inhaled. Depending on the severity of your asthma and the frequency of attacks, your physician can prescribe either a short-acting or a long-acting bronchodilator to relieve your symptoms.
Corticosteroids relieve muscle spasms experienced by people under asthma attack. Usually inhaled, this treatment is taken in smaller dosage compared to other medications given how it is directly introduced into the lungs. What it does is reverse mucosal edema while enhancing a patient’s beta-adrenergic response, thus providing quick comfort.
For those suffering from asthma caused by allergens such as pollen, dust mites, dander, mold, and the likes, immunotherapy by way of allergy shots is recommended. This treatment requires tests to accurately pinpoint a patient’s specific allergens as well as the level of their skin sensitivity. Shots are normally administered within a 3 to 5 year period, with dosages gradually increasing through the course of the treatment.
Asthma can affect people at any age. Although not curable, this disease has proven to be manageable given the right use of available treatment. Individuals living with asthma need not allow their quality of life to be severely affected by this ailment. Consult with your doctor and learn the most suited medication for your specific case.