Lithium and Lithium-Ion Batteries: 5 Facts Every Person Should Know

someone using their gadgetsThe way batteries have changed daily life is one of the amazing things technology has brought us. Lithium-ion batteries are used in everyday gadgets like laptops, tablets, smartphones and also in emerging technology such as electric vehicles, explains.

Most people today who use these types of batteries on a daily basis don’t even know that they use it, let alone know what it is. Here are five facts about lithium and lithium-ion batteries that every smart person should know.

1. Among all metals, lithium is the lightest.

Lithium is a solid metal. It’s one of the metals that have a low melting point and a high boiling point. Despite this, it’s light and soft enough to cut with a regular kitchen knife. Not only will it float in water but in oil as well.

2. Lithium is an unstable metal.

The stable isotopes of lithium have low binding energy levels, making it less prone to breakdowns. This is why scientists researched a solution that was non-metallic by using lithium ions. Batteries around the world have never been the same since Sony commercialized the first lithium-ion battery in 1991.

3. Lithium-ion battery power lasts longer.

Lithium can provide the largest specific energy per weight. It’s a highly-reactive element that can store a lot of energy in its atomic bonds. That’s why these batteries need less charging time and last longer.

4. Lithium-ion batteries can handle hundreds of charge cycles.

This is one of the reasons these batteries work best for the most common devices and gadgets today. Lithium-ion batteries are resilient to hundreds of charge and discharge cycles. Just avoid overcharging them as this can cause overheating. And these batteries are extremely sensitive to heat.

5. You don’t need to discharge a lithium-ion battery fully.

These batteries have no memory effect. This means you can charge them at any time without affecting its performance.

There’s been some news about these types of batteries bursting into flame. That’s why it’s important to know the basics of lithium-ion batteries. This chemistry is not going to go anywhere and will even increase in usage in the coming years.

And everyone will surely encounter a machine or device that uses it. Use this knowledge as power as the battery world progress.