What is Hernia and What are Its Most Common Types?

Hernia word on a laptopSometimes, when connective tissue (fascia) or a muscle becomes weak enough, a fatty tissue or an organ may force its way through. People call this hernia. Though not usually life-threatening, most hernias do not just heal on their own. Many people diagnosed with a hernia seek surgery.

Some take part in hernia surgery trial in institutions such as Jean Brown Research, which may introduce new methods in addressing such medical issues.

There are the several common types of hernia.

Inguinal Hernia

This is the most common type of hernia. According to hernia.org, approximately 70% of all hernias are inguinal. They are such because they occur in the inguinal canal; a weak spot may allow intestines to push through the lower abdominal wall and end up in the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is in the groin.

This is more common among men than among women. After birth, the testicles descend through the inguinal canal, after which the canal closes almost fully. When it does not close properly, it leaves behind a weakened area, making it an ideal spot for a hernia to form.

Incisional Hernia

A previous abdominal surgery may leave a weak spot in the abdomen, where an intestine may push through, forming a hernia. Obese and older adults are the typical patients of this type of hernia, especially if they remain inactive for long after abdominal surgery.

Femoral Hernia

Women who are pregnant or obese are more prone to developing this type of hernia, in which the intestine forces its way through the canal that carries the femoral artery, found in the upper thigh.

Hiatal Hernia

There is an opening in the diaphragm where the esophagus goes through; doctors call this opening the hiatus. When the upper stomach makes its way through this opening, it has called a hiatal hernia. People 50 years or older are often the ones who develop this hernia, which typically causes GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disorder.

A hernia may not put your life at risk, but it may cause other complications that may put your health in jeopardy. See a doctor immediately to talk about your options.